Climate change affects food production and availability, access, quality, utilization, and stability of food systems. It has no flag, no leader, no combatants, nor a revolutionary manifesto. While climate change does not cause violent conflict, in and of itself, it can through its interaction with other social, political and economic factors have negative impacts on international peace and security. The challenge is enormous: the report concludes that greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced by 7.6 per cent every year for the next ten years if we want to limit warming to 1.5°C. Redefining security and climate change. All the media attention on the 2018 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C may have given the impression that only two possibilities lie ahead: a temperature rise of 1.5°C or 2°C. Climate change will shift planet’s rain belt, threatening food security for billions, scientists say independent.co.uk - Tom Embury-Dennis. UN Photo/Manuel Elias. Keeping the severity and complexity of these challenges in mind, security organisations should invest more in understanding and preparing for these future threats, together with a wide range of other relevant actors. opt out. Climate change will affect access to water, food, and energy — each of which is linked to conflict risk and national security through different channels — as well as patterns and prevalence of infectious disease, the frequency and scale of humanitarian crises, and human migration patterns. Essential for the creation of such a system would be an integration of private and public initiatives for monitoring our planet by making use of the latest digital technologies. The human security framework helps international, national and local actors to better coordinate responses to climate change. BlackBerry. Neelam Chairs the Consumer Technology Associations Artificial Intelligence Committee. In its first joint statement, released in October 2009, the Council warned that “failure to recognise the conflict and instability implications of climate change and to invest in a range of preventative and adaptive actions will be very costly in terms of destabilising nations, causing human suffering, retarding development and providing the required military response.”. Tab 1:Canada’s Nature Legacy: protecting our … In short, it impacts all aspects of the food system. These data will be packaged into a global dashboard and also offered as environmental intelligence briefs to UN country teams, the UN Security Council and organisations such as NATO. A classic enemy is fought by the military, while every other institution in a country prepares for the consequences of the enemy’s actions. functioning of the site, while others are to help us understand how you use it. The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the uniformed heads of each armed services branch are well suited to argue for the reality of climate change impacts and for the long-term preparations needed to meet future climate-related threats while avoiding politicizing the topic. Read more here about our cookies, and how you can Accepting the reality of climate change, cooperating between all relevant stakeholders, and showing visionary leadership are some essential steps for the way forward. However, it was not until the Paris Agreement of 2015, that signatories to the UNFCC set targets, promising to hold global warming well below 2°C above pre-industrial temperatures and to try to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. Meanwhile, floods affect over 100 million people annually. Last year brought us record-breaking wildfires, floods and hurricanes, during a global pandemic. And while the public is increasingly raising its voice to demand urgent action, the ball remains very much in the court of governance. Future historians may find it hard to explain why we acted so late to prepare for these planetary security challenges. Many of the glaciers in the Himalaya that provide a reliable source of water for more than a billion people are likely to disappear. In the past few years, the UN Security Council, the European Union and other regional organisations have also increasingly been paying attention to these planetary security challenges, and some actors have developed some initial capacity to address them. Combining remote sensing, big data and AI could make it possible to forecast risks and assess scenarios in a way we could never do before, and this could help us prepare better for future challenges. In one case, scarcity may drive conflict and migration, while in another it may forge innovation and cooperation. Climate change will shift planet’s rain belt, threatening food security for billions, scientists say. Together with the Institute for Planetary Security, UNEP plans to organise a conference for all interested parties in 2020, aiming to create a partnership that will lead to a very powerful open access system that could revolutionise our knowledge of developments on our planet and boost our early warning capacity. While consensus is building, climate change isn't waiting around. There is a tendency to wait for others to act first, to point at other countries’ contribution to the problem, and to close our eyes, our hearts and our borders to those people who are most affected. A hotter planet will increasingly lead to security challenges. While we should do the utmost to mitigate climate change, it would be naive not to think about how to prepare for the security consequences of a much warmer world, where a drastically changed environment will contribute to new security challenges. It is hard to imagine what the combined consequences of the geophysical and societal changes could mean for us. Unfortunately, the future could have much more extreme scenarios in store for us. In another sign that the Department of Defense (DoD) is prioritizing climate security risks, the annual Inspector General (IG) summary of the Department’s top management challenges explicitly discusses climate change and extreme weather events. Supporting climate security. He warned that “the point of no return is no longer over the horizon; it is in sight and hurtling toward us.”. He is connected as associate or fellow to several environmental or security institutions and the universities of Yale and Uppsala. This paper systematically explores the range of possible connections between climate change and security, including national security considerations, human security concerns, military roles, and a discussion of the widely held assumption that climate change may trigger violent conflict. Some of the cookies are necessary for proper By continuing to use this site you accept our use of cookies. It can also cause loss of animals for the same reasons making ingredients harder to come by, jeopardizing food security. Additionally, Neelam manages BlackBerry’s travel strategy and operations. DC Latest: Biden’s Plans On Immigration, Climate Change. The media focuses on stories that will bring in money through views, clicks and “likes”. Conflicts over increasingly scarce natural resources are not a predetermined outcome – they fundamentally depend on factors like institutional and social resources. The research focuses both on risks and risk management. Meanwhile the military should prepare for the consequences of climate change on security. the link between climate change and national secu rity. Governments and businesses are in a particularly impactful position to drive positive change. Climate change threatens security through a dizzying array of channels. We have more and more digital data about the state of our planet. Meanwhile the military should prepare for the consequences of climate change on security. The Swedish teenage climate activist, Greta Thunberg (centre), joins other young people for a school strike or demonstration outside the United Nations Headquarters in New York – 30 August 2019. For climate change it is the other way around: diplomats, businesses, environmentalists and everybody else should fight climate change. Plus, National Security And More COVID-19: LA County Residents 65 & Older Can Start Making Vaccine Appointments This Week Climate change poses grave risks to humanity in the 21st century; confronting it will require a massive transformation of the world’s energy systems. The need to prepare for a different world. These devastating events are a stark reminder that climate change is not an issue that can wait, but one we must address now. Population growth, socio-economic activities and increasing effects of climate change have perturbed the elements of the water cycle across multiple temporal and spatial scales. We do not have the luxury to postpone effective climate action any longer. The pathways through which these risks manifest is highly contextual and determined by the interaction between climatic hazards, exposure, and, most importantly, the … That means that the slashing or burning of an isolated forest becomes visible practically as it happens, just as reforestation can be tracked and promoted as good practice. The IAEA helps countries to use nuclear science and technologies to monitor and measure the impact of climate change and adapt to its effects. The Security Council debate on 17 April was a landmark event, as it marked the recognition of climate change as a core security issue. Climate change is therefore often described as a ‘risk multiplier’ a ‘fragility amplifier’ or even a ‘catalyst’ of conflict. Water scarcity is expected to rise to unprecedented levels in some regions due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and growing economic demands for water. In a recent report by the U.S. National Security, Military and Intelligence Panel (NSMIP) climate change is described as the one of the most pressing threats to national and global security. We have successfully dealt with huge threats in the past. Vice President of Business Operations & Strategic Accounts, Office of the CEO Security is a multifaceted concept. Countries' stances on climate change often mirror other geopolitical aims. The WPS project seeks to use global modelling, big data and satellite imagery, combined with local knowledge and increasing transparency, to make early warning and analysis of water-related societal impacts. Some first promising results were presented last year in the UN Security Council. Governments and businesses are in a particularly impactful position to drive positive change. In the decades to come, and certainly in the second half of this century, climate change will become the biggest challenge humankind has ever faced. The climate emergency will dramatically shift the globe’s tropical rain belt, threatening the food security of billions of people, experts have … Photo © CGTN. Scientists warned in the early seventies of “The Limits to Growth” and many of their concerns have since been vindicated. The damage to our planet is globalising faster than the global coordinated responses that are needed. This support is relevant in the context of improving agriculture, water management and the resilience of food production systems, among others. The Water Security and Climate Change conference (WSCC) is an annual event where scientists, policy makers and stakeholders from various sectors discuss the diverse facets of water security and its relation to climate variability and change. Photo © Club of Mozambique. An expert explains the urgent need both for effective climate change action and for steps to be taken to prepare for life in a drastically different world, where global warming and related environmental degradation will impact on security. Mozambique was hit by two violent cyclones in March and April 2019, which together killed around 700 people. Ahead of the COP25 meeting, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that, so far, the world’s efforts to limit global warming have been “utterly inadequate”. Given the complexities of the planet’s interacting processes, it is difficult to predict exactly what will happen at different mean temperatures –but basically the hotter it gets, the greater the disruption will be to weather patterns, ecosystems and sea levels. The human factor, in particular, is difficult to predict: what decisions will be taken by individuals and governments when confronted with climate change? Those working on security threats will follow with interest the ideas on the development of a ‘digital ecosystem’ for the planet, which would be able to provide transparency and assess risks in the management of natural resources. Temperatures fluctuations can cause loss of crops because of draught or flooding. Climate change as a national security issue In her response, Malini Mehra states that the continued framing of climate change as an environmental issue is a contributing reason for it getting short shrift in terms of policy attention. Since joining BlackBerry in 2009 Neelam has held various positions, based out of the company’s United Kingdom, New York and California offices. He has committed to taking bold, historic action on climate change and has named climate change one of the four crises facing the United States. Neelam also leads Customer Success for BlackBerry’s strategic accounts worldwide, across regulated industries. There is no legitimate doubt that human activity is accelerating the greenhouse effect, which results in global warming. It also begins to map and monitor environmental and climate security risks. Her responsibilities have included Brand Management, Brand Messaging, Marketing Operations, Go-To-Market planning and Corporate Strategic Initiatives. But it is a killer of people, it is operating worldwide to destabilise societies, and it is gaining strength. Water scarcity is expected to rise in some regions due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and growing economic demands for water. President-elect Joe Biden is 50 days away from assuming office as commander-in-chief. Our commitments and initiatives, built in-line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, include: The climate change goals we need to accomplish as a global community, for our security and that of future generations, are ambitious. 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